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Charitable Giving Basics

Charitable giving can play an important role in many estate plans. Philanthropy cannot only give you great personal satisfaction, it can also give you a current income tax deduction, let you avoid capital gains tax, and reduce the amount of taxes your estate may owe when you die.

What is lifetime (noncharitable) gifting?

Lifetime gifts have many advantages over gifts you might leave in your will (these are called bequests, legacies, or devises).

Concentrated Stock Positions: Considerations and Strategies | Borrow to diversify

You could use your stock as collateral to buy other securities on margin.

Consider Charitable Giving When Developing Your Estate Plan

By leaving money to charity when you die, the full amount of your charitable gift may be deducted from the value of your taxable estate.

Concentrated Stock Positions: Considerations and Strategies | Donate shares to a trust

If you want income rather than growth from your stock, you might transfer shares to a trust.

Concentrated Stock Positions: Considerations and Strategies | Exchange your shares

Another possibility is to trade some of your stock for shares in an exchange fund (a private placement limited partnership that pools your shares with those contributed by other investors who also may have concentrated stock positions).

Concentrated Stock Positions: Considerations and Strategies | Monetize the position

If you want immediate liquidity, you might be able to use a prepaid variable forward (PVF) agreement.

Concentrated Stock Positions: Considerations and Strategies | Hedge your position

You may want to try to protect yourself in the short term against the risk of a substantial drop in price. There are multiple ways to try to manage that risk by using options. However, bear in mind that the use of options is not appropriate for all investors.

Concentrated Stock Positions: Considerations and Strategies | Sell your shares

Whether you inherited a large holding, exercised options to buy your company's stock, sold a private business, hold restricted stock, or have benefitted from repeated stock splits over the years, having a large position in a single stock carries unique challenges. Even if the stock has done well, you may want more diversification, or have new financial goals that require a shift in strategy.

Private Family Foundation vs. Community Foundation